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Australia

Austria

Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: High
  • Population : 25.69 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 48698
  • Urban population : 86.2 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 82.9
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.944

How does Australia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 8.76/10 12.5/19
World Rank 8/114 56/129
Regional Rank 2/18 6/20
Income group Rank 8/38 32/42
  • Region: Europe & North America
  • Income Group: High
  • Population : 8.92 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 51936
  • Urban population : 58.7 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 81.8
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.922

How does Austria control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 8.3/10 13/19
World Rank 13/114 52/129
Regional Rank 11/31 26/33
Income group Rank 13/38 30/42

Australia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Australia ranks 8 in the global Index for Public Integrity and has continued to improve incrementally over the past decade, although it is not a regional leader in transparency. However, it does very well on fiscal transparency and strikes a sound balance on control of corruption, with low opportunities for corruption due to low administrative burden, and high constraints in the form of independent Courts, digital citizens and freedom of the press. Its performance has been achieved through broad reforms, including good quality education, meritocracy and gradual administrative reform which resulted in accountable and effective government. In light of Australia’s beginnings as a penal colony, its long-term successful transformation yields many worthy lessons for developing countries. Significant concern persists regarding the political influence of mining and other extractive industries, particularly in Western Australia, but a very active media monitors political corruption attentively.
See Australia's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.

Austria's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Austria ranks 13 in the world in the 2021 Index for Public Integrity and has not changed in any important dimension over the past 12 years. Its good control of corruption showed in recent years when a new generation of politicians broke the established integrity norms, but they were eventually brought to account for their acts. Although in the past the country managed to control corruption despite low transparency and quite high reliance on networking, the limits of these past arrangements seem to have been reached. To prevent further abuse of office as seen in recent scandals, Austria needs more fiscal transparency, access to information and transparent monitoring of assets and interests of public officials.
See Austria's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 9.56 9.56 0
Administrative Burden 9.63 9.67 0
Judicial Independence 9.1 8.46 0
Press Freedom 8.11 8.02 0
E-Citizenship 5.35 6.47 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2015-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017.Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency
Administrative Burden 8.61 8.74 0
Judicial Independence 8.59 7.98 0
Press Freedom 8.11 8.02 0
E-Citizenship 5.21 6.24 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2015-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017.Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users).

Index of Public Integrity

The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.

For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

 

IPI Score: 8.76 / 10
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 9.67 6/113 5/0 2/18
Trade Openness 8.23 80/113 37/0 14/18
Administrative Transparency 7.75 24/114 15/38 2/18
Online Services 9.45 6/114 6/38 2/18
Budget Transparency 9.57 6/114 5/38 1/18
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 8.92 9/114 9/38 3/18
Freedom of the Press 8.36 20/114 18/38 2/18
E-Citizenship 8.52 16/114 16/38 3/18

IPI Score: 8.3 / 10
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 8.62 48/113 31/0 24/31
Trade Openness 10 1/113 1/0 1/31
Administrative Transparency 7.75 24/114 15/38 16/31
Online Services 9.45 6/114 6/38 5/31
Budget Transparency 7.43 57/114 26/38 24/31
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 8.4 11/114 11/38 8/31
Freedom of the Press 8.79 15/114 14/38 13/31
E-Citizenship 7.98 28/114 26/38 20/31

Transparency in Australia

T-Index Score: 12.5 / 19

Transparency in Austria

T-Index Score: 13 / 19
T-index
T-index

De Facto Transparency: 7.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions No
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Facto Transparency: 9 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker) Partial
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule No
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures Partial
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions Yes
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 5 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) Yes