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Botswana

Angola

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population : 2.35 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 16040
  • Urban population : 70.9 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 69.6
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.735

How does Botswana control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 4.83/10 6.5/19
World Rank 85/114 114/129
Regional Rank 6/26 22/27
Income group Rank 27/29 32/36
  • Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population : 32.87 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 6198
  • Urban population : 66.8 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 61.1
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.581

How does Angola control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 4.83/10 7.5/19
World Rank 86/114 105/129
Regional Rank 7/26 18/27
Income group Rank 21/35 27/38

Botswana's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Botswana, the longtime African champion of free elections, autonomous bureaucracy and judiciary has slightly regressed over the past decade. Trends are contradictory, with significant declines in fiscal transparency, press freedom and judicial independence -- once the country’s strong points -- but significant progress on e-citizenship and reducing administrative burden. Botswana’s way ahead is to invest more in transparency, where it performs poorly, and to show more restraint over judicial pursuit of the political opposition unless a unitary treatment can be applied to all politicians. The country was once placed by CPI ahead of Italy but now is ranked 85 in IPI 2021, on a par with Angola. An entire point was lost due to the change of methodology, as Administrative Burden, where the country was doing well, was discontinued and replaced with Administrative Transparency -- where it fares poorly.
See Botswana's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.

Angola's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Angola has improved in the past decade on fiscal transparency and e-government, although more progress is needed. The situation remains poor on judicial independence and press freedom, where the country is still a laggard among its peers and has hardly improved in the last 10 years. The legacy of government favoritism needs to be gradually eliminated by the removal of administrative and economic privileges for those connected with the party in power: most transparency and administrative simplification reforms would achieve that if pursued consistently. The number of digital citizens remains too small for a critical mass to constantly demand good governance, although the small free media does its best.
See Angola's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 6.93 7.37 0
Administrative Burden 6.77 7.82 1
Judicial Independence 7.38 6.28 -1
Press Freedom 6.85 5.95 -1
E-Citizenship 1.3 3.88 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017.Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 4.73 7.37 1
Administrative Burden 6.71 7.84 1
Judicial Independence 3.93 2.93 0
Press Freedom 4.42 3.43 -1
E-Citizenship 1.09 2.65 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, period considered is 2011-2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017.Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

Index of Public Integrity

The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.

For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

 

IPI Score: 4.83 / 10
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 7.54 93/113 22/0 19/26
Trade Openness 9.52 36/113 6/0 2/26
Administrative Transparency 4.38 81/114 25/29 6/26
Online Services 3.43 100/114 27/29 18/26
Budget Transparency 1.64 98/114 27/29 19/26
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 6.55 31/114 5/29 4/26
Freedom of the Press 7.93 31/114 4/29 5/26
E-Citizenship 5.03 75/114 25/29 1/26

IPI Score: 4.83 / 10
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 7.64 91/113 21/0 18/26
Trade Openness 6.75 105/113 30/0 20/26
Administrative Transparency 5.5 70/114 14/35 3/26
Online Services 4.71 90/114 24/35 13/26
Budget Transparency 7 66/114 10/35 7/26
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 2.91 106/114 33/35 25/26
Freedom of the Press 6.57 70/114 12/35 14/26
E-Citizenship 2.26 96/114 29/35 11/26

Transparency in Botswana

T-Index Score: 6.5 / 19

Transparency in Angola

T-Index Score: 7.5 / 19
T-index
T-index

De Facto Transparency: 4.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) No
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Partial
Land cadaster No
Register of commerce Yes
Auditor General's report No
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings No
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions Yes
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette No

De Facto Transparency: 4.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Partial
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Yes
Auditor General's report No
Supreme Court's hearings schedule No
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Partial
Mining concessions No
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Partial

De Jure Transparency: 2 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) No
Open Government Partnership (OGP) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) No

De Jure Transparency: 3 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) No