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France

Germany

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Europe & North America
  • Income Group: High
  • Population : 67.39 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 42026
  • Urban population : 81 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 82.6
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.901

How does France control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 8.53/10 17.5/19
World Rank 10/114 1/129
Regional Rank 8/31 1/33
Income group Rank 10/38 1/42
  • Region: Europe & North America
  • Income Group: High
  • Population : 83.24 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 50922
  • Urban population : 77.5 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 80.9
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.947

How does Germany control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 8.21/10 14.5/19
World Rank 15/114 30/129
Regional Rank 13/31 18/33
Income group Rank 15/38 20/42

France's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
France, the country which has historically pioneered merit based civil service and has some of the finest public accountability laws in the European Union, has been constantly shaken by political corruption scandals over the past thirty years. Its judiciary is not sufficiently autonomous from government, resulting in weak prosecution of corruption, particularly at top levels, although this has improved in recent years. Restrictive laws and conservative minded magistrates further restrict the media’s capacity to disclose corruption, rather than reporting it only after official investigations have already begun. Far better oversight is needed to monitor compliance with international legislation by companies seeking government favors abroad. Recent attempts to tighten conflict of interest rules and enforce them at top political level have yet to result in different practices.
See France's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.

Germany's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Germany is a country with practically no administrative corruption, but recent scandals showed that the connection between business and politics is highly problematic and accountability of politicians leaves much to be desired. Much more should be done to enforce sanctions against business fraud and corruption, and to improve the separation between business and politics domestically. Open government has also progressed quite slowly, and public procurement at sub-national level is not transparent, with frequent cost overruns reminiscent of more corrupt countries.
See Germany's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 8.91 8.68 0
Administrative Burden 9.1 9.38 0
Judicial Independence 7.39 6.83 0
Press Freedom 8.11 7.66 0
E-Citizenship 5.47 6.86 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 7.58 9.34 0
Administrative Burden 8.53 8.69 0
Judicial Independence 9.29 7.02 -1
Press Freedom 8.56 8.2 0
E-Citizenship 5.77 6.98 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users).

Index of Public Integrity

The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.

For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

 

IPI Score: 8.53 / 10
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 9.36 19/113 15/0 12/31
Trade Openness 10 1/113 1/0 1/31
Administrative Transparency 10 1/114 1/38 1/31
Online Services 8.78 15/114 14/38 10/31
Budget Transparency 8.5 26/114 15/38 14/31
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 7.14 28/114 23/38 16/31
Freedom of the Press 8.01 27/114 23/38 19/31
E-Citizenship 8.74 13/114 13/38 11/31

IPI Score: 8.21 / 10
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 8.61 50/113 33/0 25/31
Trade Openness 9.44 38/113 28/0 29/31
Administrative Transparency 7.75 24/114 15/38 16/31
Online Services 7.26 50/114 31/38 25/31
Budget Transparency 9.79 4/114 3/38 3/31
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 7.35 23/114 21/38 15/31
Freedom of the Press 8.93 12/114 11/38 10/31
E-Citizenship 8.16 24/114 23/38 17/31

Transparency in France

T-Index Score: 17.5 / 19

Transparency in Germany

T-Index Score: 14.5 / 19
T-index
T-index

De Facto Transparency: 12.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Yes
Register of commerce Yes
Auditor General's report Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Yes
Conflict of interest disclosures Yes
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions Yes
Building permits in the capital city Yes
Official gazette Yes

De Facto Transparency: 9.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker) Partial
Public Procurement Portal Partial
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures Partial
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions Partial
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 5 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) Yes

De Jure Transparency: 5 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
2
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) Yes