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Malaysia

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Indonesia

Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • GNI per Capita: 28150 USD
  • Urban population : 77.2 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 75 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.81

How does Malaysia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 6.86/10 11/20
World Rank 44/119 17/143
Regional Rank 5/23 9/23
Income group Rank 13/40 /40
  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • GNI per Capita: 12680 USD
  • Urban population : 56.6 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 68 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.718

How does Indonesia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Improving
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 6.54/10 15.5/20
World Rank 49/119 8/143
Regional Rank 7/23 4/23
Income group Rank 1/39 /39

Malaysia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Malaysia is doing well on the Index of Public Integrity, but the abundance of resources for corruption in the form of development money has yielded a negative impact, and that might show again in time. Official development assistance is still not published transparently or in a timely manner, although a good public procurement portal exists. The country should also improve on transparency of business property, the energy sector, and create a land cadaster. These measures should be taken with caution, however, as there is always the risk that strong judicial anti-corruption efforts will be used against critics of the government, as has happened in the past.
See Malaysia's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.

Indonesia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Improving
Indonesia has made significant progress in the past years, particularly in judicial independence and e-citizenship but also on transparency and online services. It ranks above the regional average on both the Index of Public Integrity and the T-Index. Its anti-corruption agency is among the few effective ones in the world, although it faces challenges from the legislature. Indonesia has yet to reach a critical mass of reformers attempting to redress the quality of regulation, but despite struggling at times, it has progressed in four indicators significantly, and its level of e-citizenship, despite some setbacks on press freedom, is now over 5 and rising.
See Indonesia's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2013 2023 Trendline
Budget Transparency 4.43 6.2 0
Judicial Independence 6.43 6.13 0
Press Freedom 6.15 6.65 0
E-Citizenship 4.01 5.94 1
Online Services 8.12 7.87 0
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
Components 2013 2023 Trendline
Budget Transparency 8.07 8.8 0
Judicial Independence 4.86 6.71 1
Press Freedom 6.31 5.93 0
E-Citizenship 1.73 4.21 1
Online Services 5.47 7.88 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

Index of Public Integrity

The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.

 

IPI Score: 6.86 / 10
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /40 /23
Trade Openness 0 /119 /40 /23
Administrative Transparency 7.75 3/119 3/40 3/23
Online Services 7.22 44/119 11/40 8/23
Budget Transparency 5.92 41/119 24/40 10/23
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 6.38 34/119 8/40 6/23
Freedom of the Press 5.88 50/119 14/40 6/23
E-Citizenship 8.02 28/119 3/40 4/23

IPI Score: 6.54 / 10
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /39 /23
Trade Openness 0 /119 /39 /23
Administrative Transparency 6.63 4/119 2/39 4/23
Online Services 7.23 43/119 3/39 7/23
Budget Transparency 8.71 11/119 3/39 4/23
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 7.03 24/119 2/39 4/23
Freedom of the Press 4.86 70/119 10/39 10/23
E-Citizenship 4.78 73/119 14/39 12/23

Transparency in Malaysia

T-Index Score: 11 / 20   (20 = 100%)

Transparency in Indonesia

T-Index Score: 15.5 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
T-Index
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 7 / 14


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De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
No
Public Procurement Portal
Yes
Land cadaster
Partial
Register of commerce
Partial
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
Yes
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
No
Conflict of interest disclosures
No
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
No
Mining concessions
No
Building permits in the capital city
No
Official gazette
Yes

De Facto Transparency: 9.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
No
Public Procurement Portal
Yes
Land cadaster
No
Register of commerce
Partial
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
Partial
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures
No
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Yes
Mining concessions
Yes
Building permits in the capital city
Yes
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
Yes
Beneficial Ownership
No

De Jure Transparency: 6 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
Yes
Beneficial Ownership
Yes