Albania

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Eastern Europe & Central Asia
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population : 2.84 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 13295
  • Urban population : 62.1 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 78.6
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.795

How does Albania control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 6.41/10 12.5/20
World Rank 55/114 56/129
Regional Rank 7/12 9/16
Income group Rank 18/29 21/36

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 6.41 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 8.52 60/113 14/0 10/12
Trade Openness 9.76 23/113 3/0 3/12
Administrative Transparency 6.63 49/114 16/29 9/12
Online Services 8.36 26/114 6/29 3/12
Budget Transparency 7.2 65/114 23/29 9/12
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 2.61 110/114 27/29 12/12
Freedom of the Press 7.01 56/114 10/29 4/12
E-Citizenship 6.68 53/114 13/29 5/12

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Albania

Transparency in Albania

T-Index Score: 12.5 / 20
T-index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average

De Facto Transparency: 8.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Partial
Land cadaster No
Register of commerce Yes
Auditor General's report Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures Partial
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Partial
Mining concessions Yes
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
OECD Convention against Bribery of International Officials No
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) No

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Albania

Albania's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Albania has evolved inconsistently in the past decade despite many reforms. It ranks at the bottom on de facto transparency and judicial independence in South-East Europe, despite enjoying freedom of information legislation and an active civil society. Fierce political competition does not result in oversight of government by the opposition, but more often to monopolization of power and deadlock of the political system. Opportunities for corruption remain very high, with large foreign aid and an increasing amount of domestic funds discretionarily allocated via public-private partnerships. A vetting of magistrates carried out by the government with international support was seen by the opposition as partisan and has yet to result in improved outcomes. Despite many reforms of regulation, progress on even simple issues like administrative simplification, creation of cost standards for the public sector, fiscal transparency or transparency of land and business property has been difficult. However, Albania is stable and did not regress by that standard. In fact, it enjoys a good freedom of the press in regional context and a fair share of digital citizens, so demand for good governance is high. Unless reforms are targeted to reduce discretionary abuses of power and increase transparency substantially, we forecast that the many reforms driven by EU accession will remain dead letters, as in other SEE countries before.
See Albania's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 4.29 8.02 1
Administrative Burden 7.05 8.61 1
Judicial Independence 3.07 2.65 0
Press Freedom 5.5 5.41 0
E-Citizenship 2.17 5.05 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017.Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users).

No Forecast data for Albania