Australia

Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: High
  • Population: 25.69 million
  • GNI per Capita: 55330 USD
  • Urban population : 86.2 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 83 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.944

How does Australia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 8.26/10 12.5/20
World Rank 12/119 14/143
Regional Rank 2/23 6/23
Income group Rank 12/48 13/48

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 8.26 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /48 /23
Trade Openness 0 /119 /48 /23
Administrative Transparency 6.63 4/119 4/48 4/23
Online Services 9.27 5/119 5/48 3/23
Budget Transparency 9.57 3/119 3/48 1/23
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 7.68 16/119 15/48 3/23
Freedom of the Press 7.84 23/119 19/48 3/23
E-Citizenship 8.59 18/119 18/48 2/23

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

No IPI data for Australia

Transparency in Australia

T-Index Score: 12.5 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 6.5 / 14

De Facto Components

Live, online, and freely accessible sources of public data.
These data sources were assessed as complete and freely available (1 point), partial and/or paid access (0.5 point), or missing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
No
Public Procurement Portal
Partial
Land cadaster
Partial
Register of commerce
Partial
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
Partial
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
No
Conflict of interest disclosures
No
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Yes
Mining concessions
No
Building permits in the capital city
No
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 6 / 6

De Jure Components

Formal transparency commitments by governments.
Formal agreements that met category criteria (see Methodology) were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
Yes
Beneficial Ownership
Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for Australia

Australia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Australia ranks very well in the Index for Public Integrity. It has low opportunities for corruption due to low administrative burden and high constraints in the form of independent courts, e-citizens and strong freedom of the press. Its performance has been achieved through broad reforms, including good quality education, meritocracy and gradual administrative reform which has resulted in accountable and effective government. In light of Australia’s beginnings as a penal colony, its long-term, successful transformation yields many worthy lessons for developing countries. Australia should, however, be more transparent about its mining concessions and officials’ conflicts of interest and assets. Significant concern persists regarding the political influence of mining and other extractive industries, particularly in Western Australia, but a very active media monitors political corruption attentively.
Components 2013 2023 Trendline
Budget Transparency 8.29 9.6 0
Judicial Independence 8.5 7.29 -1
Press Freedom 8.63 8.04 0
E-Citizenship 5.92 6.91 1
Online Services 8.76 9.44 0
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
No Forecast data for Australia