Bulgaria

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Europe & North America
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population: 6.88 million
  • GNI per Capita: 27380 USD
  • Urban population : 75.7 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 72 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.816

How does Bulgaria control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 7.11/10 17/20
World Rank 38/119 5/143
Regional Rank 27/33 5/33
Income group Rank 7/40 3/40

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 7.11 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /40 /33
Trade Openness 0 /119 /40 /33
Administrative Transparency 8.88 2/119 2/40 2/33
Online Services 6.58 52/119 17/40 28/33
Budget Transparency 8.72 10/119 7/40 8/33
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 4.79 53/119 12/40 24/33
Freedom of the Press 5.9 48/119 13/40 27/33
E-Citizenship 7.81 33/119 6/40 26/33

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

No IPI data for Bulgaria

Transparency in Bulgaria

T-Index Score: 17 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 11 / 14

De Facto Components

Live, online, and freely accessible sources of public data.
These data sources were assessed as complete and freely available (1 point), partial and/or paid access (0.5 point), or missing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
No
Public Procurement Portal
Yes
Land cadaster
Partial
Register of commerce
Yes
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
No
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
Yes
Conflict of interest disclosures
Yes
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Partial
Mining concessions
Yes
Building permits in the capital city
Yes
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 6 / 6

De Jure Components

Formal transparency commitments by governments.
Formal agreements that met category criteria (see Methodology) were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
Yes
Beneficial Ownership
Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for Bulgaria

Bulgaria's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Bulgaria has for many years been adopting public accountability tools and is a global leader of anti-corruption legislation, but those accomplishments have had little impact on the level of corruption. The country underperforms on judicial autonomy from private influence, while a culture of impunity for the ruling class still reigns, with too few officials administratively sanctioned on grounds of corruption. However, significant progress has been achieved in the past decade on increasing transparency and online services, and a highly active population of e-citizens and independent media constantly demand better quality of governance.
Components 2013 2023 Trendline
Budget Transparency 6.58 8.61 0
Judicial Independence 3.82 4.71 0
Press Freedom 7.43 6.67 0
E-Citizenship 4.25 6.14 1
Online Services 5.41 7.38 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
No Forecast data for Bulgaria