Basic Country Information

  • Region: Latin America & Caribbean
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 11.67 million
  • GNI per Capita: 7932 USD
  • Urban population : 70.1 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 71.5 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.718

How does Bolivia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 4.22/10 9/19
World Rank 98/114 90/129
Regional Rank 17/18 17/22
Income group Rank 25/35 19/38

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 4.22 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
Income Group
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 5.41 111/113 34/0 16/18
Trade Openness 8.69 58/113 9/0 4/18
Administrative Transparency 5.5 70/114 14/35 14/18
Online Services 5.68 73/114 13/35 13/18
Budget Transparency 1 103/114 30/35 17/18
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 1.28 113/114 35/35 17/18
Freedom of the Press 6.39 74/114 14/35 11/18
E-Citizenship 5.45 71/114 10/35 13/18

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.


For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Bolivia

Transparency in Bolivia

T-Index Score: 9 / 19
Income Group

De Facto Transparency: 6 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) No
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Partial
Land cadaster No
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Partial
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions No
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 3 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) No

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Bolivia

Bolivia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Bolivia has been regressing on nearly all counts over the past 12 years, especially judicial independence and freedom of the press. It has nearly no fiscal transparency. The only components that increased were the number of people connected to the Internet and linked by social media, but online services and transparency tools lag. With a rank of 97 in the IPI Bolivia has one of the largest gaps in the world between demand for good governance, as proxied by the number of educated, Internet and social media connected people, and the quality of governance actually delivered.
See Bolivia's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2007/8 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 5.04 5.04 0
Administrative Burden 5.18 5.66 0
Judicial Independence 3.15 1.43 -1
Press Freedom 6.67 5.23 -1
E-Citizenship 1.6 3.84 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users).

No Forecast data for Bolivia