Bolivia

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Latin America & Caribbean
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 12.08 million
  • GNI per Capita: 8620 USD
  • Urban population : 70.1 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 64 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.718

How does Bolivia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Declining
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 4.52/10 10/20
World Rank 88/119 19/143
Regional Rank 16/23 14/23
Income group Rank 22/39 10/39

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 4.52 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /39 /23
Trade Openness 0 /119 /39 /23
Administrative Transparency 5.5 5/119 3/39 4/23
Online Services 4.35 77/119 18/39 13/23
Budget Transparency 5.16 44/119 20/39 16/23
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 1 106/119 34/39 19/23
Freedom of the Press 4.38 78/119 14/39 13/23
E-Citizenship 6.76 57/119 5/39 11/23

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

No IPI data for Bolivia

Transparency in Bolivia

T-Index Score: 10 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 6 / 14

De Facto Components

Live, online, and freely accessible sources of public data.
These data sources were assessed as complete and freely available (1 point), partial and/or paid access (0.5 point), or missing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
No
Public Procurement Portal
Partial
Land cadaster
No
Register of commerce
Partial
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
No
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures
No
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Yes
Mining concessions
No
Building permits in the capital city
No
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 6

De Jure Components

Formal transparency commitments by governments.
Formal agreements that met category criteria (see Methodology) were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
No
Beneficial Ownership
Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for Bolivia

Bolivia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Declining
Bolivia has been regressing over the past 12 years, especially on judicial independence and freedom of the press. With a score under 5 in the Index of Public Integrity, Bolivia has one of the largest gaps in the world between demand for good governance, as proxied by the growing number of educated, digitally literate people, and the quality of governance actually delivered, despite some progress on fiscal transparency. The government needs to publish online all of its concessions, public contracts, building permits, land cadaster, and conflicts of interest of its officials. But most importantly, it needs to stop using the judiciary against political opponents.
Components 2013 2023
Budget Transparency 1 4.86 1
Judicial Independence 4.21 1.32 -1
Press Freedom 7.05 5.6 -1
E-Citizenship 2.73 4.39 1
Online Services 4.71 5.67 0
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
No Forecast data for Bolivia