Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 1.38 billion
  • GNI per Capita: 6118 USD
  • Urban population : 34.9 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 69.7 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.645

How does India control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 5.94/10 10.5/19
World Rank 68/114 74/129
Regional Rank 10/18 12/20
Income group Rank 6/35 12/38

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 5.94 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
Income Group
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 8.16 73/113 10/0 10/18
Trade Openness 8.48 71/113 14/0 11/18
Administrative Transparency 6.63 49/114 4/35 7/18
Online Services 8.48 20/114 1/35 5/18
Budget Transparency 5.93 87/114 19/35 15/18
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 6.17 35/114 3/35 5/18
Freedom of the Press 5 97/114 27/35 14/18
E-Citizenship 3.41 86/114 19/35 14/18

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.


For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for India

Transparency in India

T-Index Score: 10.5 / 19
Income Group

De Facto Transparency: 7.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Partial
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions Partial
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 3 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) No

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Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for India

India's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
India presents contradictory trends on governance, which is not surprising given that it is a country with the size of a continent. Once credited with the best judicial independence in its income group, it regressed significantly over the past 12 years. Freedom of the press has remained reasonably high during this interval. Administrative simplification, transparency and in particular e-government have progressed only slightly, however, and must be fully implemented to achieve their potential. Demand for good governance is uneven and limited by low human development and Internet access in some regions, but it is also growing significantly with the number of e-citizens.
See India's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2007/8 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 5.17 5.83 0
Administrative Burden 6.96 8.34 1
Judicial Independence 7.44 5.93 -1
Press Freedom 6.85 6.13 0
E-Citizenship 1.22 2.92 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Administrative Burden, time frame available was insufficient for trend assessment. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for India