Malaysia

Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population: 32.37 million
  • GNI per Capita: 26435 USD
  • Urban population : 77.2 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 76.2 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.81

How does Malaysia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 7.2/10 10.5/19
World Rank 40/114 74/129
Regional Rank 5/18 12/20
Income group Rank 7/29 25/36

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 7.2 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 8.53 59/113 13/0 8/18
Trade Openness 9.2 43/113 9/0 2/18
Administrative Transparency 6.63 49/114 16/29 7/18
Online Services 8.48 20/114 4/29 5/18
Budget Transparency 6.57 77/114 24/29 14/18
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 7.52 22/114 2/29 4/18
Freedom of the Press 5.89 81/114 21/29 9/18
E-Citizenship 8.09 27/114 2/29 4/18

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Malaysia

Transparency in Malaysia

T-Index Score: 10.5 / 19
T-index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average

De Facto Transparency: 6.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Partial
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) No
Mining concessions No
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
2
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Malaysia

Malaysia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Malaysia has reasonable indicators on nearly all components of the IPI, but is dragged down by the absence of serious public oversight due to poor press freedom and low access to information by civil society. The abundance of resources for corruption in the form of development money has showed, and might show again, the limits of the country’s capacity to control corruption in the absence of significant social accountability. The regime has also used scandal as a political weapon against its critics and former allies on several occasions.
See Malaysia's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2007/8 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 4.07 5.83 0
Administrative Burden 7.75 8.71 0
Judicial Independence 7.35 7.18 0
Press Freedom 3.88 3.79 0
E-Citizenship 3.73 5.5 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users).

No Forecast data for Malaysia