Malaysia

Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population: 33.57 million
  • GNI per Capita: 28150 USD
  • Urban population : 77.2 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 75 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.81

How does Malaysia control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 6.86/10 11/20
World Rank 44/119 17/143
Regional Rank 5/23 9/23
Income group Rank 13/40 13/40

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 6.86 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /40 /23
Trade Openness 0 /119 /40 /23
Administrative Transparency 7.75 3/119 3/40 3/23
Online Services 7.22 44/119 11/40 8/23
Budget Transparency 5.92 39/119 24/40 10/23
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 6.38 34/119 8/40 6/23
Freedom of the Press 5.88 50/119 14/40 6/23
E-Citizenship 8.02 28/119 3/40 4/23

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

No IPI data for Malaysia

Transparency in Malaysia

T-Index Score: 11 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 7 / 14

De Facto Components

Live, online, and freely accessible sources of public data.
These data sources were assessed as complete and freely available (1 point), partial and/or paid access (0.5 point), or missing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
No
Public Procurement Portal
Yes
Land cadaster
Partial
Register of commerce
Partial
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
Yes
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
No
Conflict of interest disclosures
No
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
No
Mining concessions
No
Building permits in the capital city
No
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 6

De Jure Components

Formal transparency commitments by governments.
Formal agreements that met category criteria (see Methodology) were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
Yes
Beneficial Ownership
No

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for Malaysia

Malaysia's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Malaysia is doing well on the Index of Public Integrity, but the abundance of resources for corruption in the form of development money has yielded a negative impact, and that might show again in time. Official development assistance is still not published transparently or in a timely manner, although a good public procurement portal exists. The country should also improve on transparency of business property, the energy sector, and create a land cadaster. These measures should be taken with caution, however, as there is always the risk that strong judicial anti-corruption efforts will be used against critics of the government, as has happened in the past.
Components 2013 2023 Trendline
Budget Transparency 4.43 6.2 0
Judicial Independence 6.43 6.13 0
Press Freedom 6.15 6.65 0
E-Citizenship 4.01 5.94 1
Online Services 8.12 7.87 0
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
No Forecast data for Malaysia