Nepal

Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 30.03 million
  • GNI per Capita: 4230 USD
  • Urban population : 20.6 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 68 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.602

How does Nepal control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 5.53/10 12/20
World Rank 68/119 15/143
Regional Rank 11/23 7/23
Income group Rank 7/39 6/39

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 5.53 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /39 /23
Trade Openness 0 /119 /39 /23
Administrative Transparency 7.75 3/119 1/39 3/23
Online Services 3.65 87/119 25/39 15/23
Budget Transparency 7 31/119 11/39 8/23
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 4.59 58/119 13/39 11/23
Freedom of the Press 5.25 62/119 8/39 8/23
E-Citizenship 4.95 71/119 12/39 11/23

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

No IPI data for Nepal

Transparency in Nepal

T-Index Score: 12 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 8 / 14

De Facto Components

Live, online, and freely accessible sources of public data.
These data sources were assessed as complete and freely available (1 point), partial and/or paid access (0.5 point), or missing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
No
Public Procurement Portal
Yes
Land cadaster
Partial
Register of commerce
Partial
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
Yes
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
No
Conflict of interest disclosures
No
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Yes
Mining concessions
No
Building permits in the capital city
No
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 6

De Jure Components

Formal transparency commitments by governments.
Formal agreements that met category criteria (see Methodology) were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
No
Beneficial Ownership
Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for Nepal

Nepal's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Nepal has been progressing incrementally on some indicators, especially e-citizenship and online services, but still lags on judicial independence, administrative transparency, and fiscal transparency, although it is nevertheless a leader in its income group. Despite its low score on the human development index, it can still progress by reaping some benefits of transparency and accountability reforms. It can improve transparency of land and business property, building permits, and concessions, and can introduce public and timely mandatory disclosures for officials.
Components 2013 2023 Trendline
Budget Transparency 5.93 7.2 0
Judicial Independence 4.42 4.53 0
Press Freedom 6.89 6.21 0
E-Citizenship 1.65 3.51 1
Online Services 3.59 5.13 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
No Forecast data for Nepal