Pakistan

Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 231.4 million
  • GNI per Capita: 5680 USD
  • Urban population : 37.2 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 66 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.557

How does Pakistan control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 5.4/10 14/20
World Rank 73/119 11/143
Regional Rank 13/23 5/23
Income group Rank 10/39 3/39

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 5.4 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /39 /23
Trade Openness 0 /119 /39 /23
Administrative Transparency 7.75 3/119 1/39 3/23
Online Services 4.9 70/119 12/39 13/23
Budget Transparency 8.5 14/119 4/39 5/23
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 5.98 37/119 5/39 7/23
Freedom of the Press 2.96 100/119 27/39 14/23
E-Citizenship 2.29 90/119 29/39 18/23

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

No IPI data for Pakistan

Transparency in Pakistan

T-Index Score: 14 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 9 / 14

De Facto Components

Live, online, and freely accessible sources of public data.
These data sources were assessed as complete and freely available (1 point), partial and/or paid access (0.5 point), or missing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
Partial
Public Procurement Portal
Yes
Land cadaster
Partial
Register of commerce
Partial
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
Yes
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
No
Conflict of interest disclosures
No
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Yes
Mining concessions
Partial
Building permits in the capital city
Partial
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 5 / 6

De Jure Components

Formal transparency commitments by governments.
Formal agreements that met category criteria (see Methodology) were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
No
Beneficial Ownership
Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for Pakistan

Pakistan's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Pakistan’s e-citizenship is slowly growing, but its freedom of the press has been backsliding in recent years. Altogether, the country is inconsistent on good governance, despite scoring better on transparency than both its regional and income group averages. Its stronger aspects include a functioning public procurement portal, the publication of official development assistance (after scandals in the past), and its judicial transparency. Nevertheless, its administrative transparency needs further development (land cadaster, register of commerce, and mining concessions). Also, the country does not make available its public officials’ disclosures of assets and conflicts of interest, and Pakistan has still not committed to a single multinational transparency agreement.
Components 2013 2023 Trendline
Budget Transparency 8.29 8.6 0
Judicial Independence 5.65 5.78 0
Press Freedom 5.38 4.6 -1
E-Citizenship 1.44 2.01 0
Online Services 4.29 6.09 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
No Forecast data for Pakistan