Basic Country Information

  • Region: East & South Asia & Pacific
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 220.89 million
  • GNI per Capita: 4623 USD
  • Urban population : 37.2 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 67.3 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.557

How does Pakistan control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 5.69/10 12/19
World Rank 76/114 60/129
Regional Rank 13/18 7/20
Income group Rank 13/35 5/38

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 5.69 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
Income Group
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 7.28 102/113 29/0 17/18
Trade Openness 8.3 78/113 16/0 13/18
Administrative Transparency 6.63 49/114 4/35 7/18
Online Services 6.17 67/114 10/35 12/18
Budget Transparency 8.5 26/114 3/35 6/18
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 5.7 43/114 7/35 7/18
Freedom of the Press 4.96 100/114 29/35 16/18
E-Citizenship 2.2 97/114 30/35 18/18

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.


For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Pakistan

Transparency in Pakistan

T-Index Score: 12 / 19
Income Group

De Facto Transparency: 8 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Partial
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions Partial
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) No

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Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Pakistan

Pakistan's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Pakistan has made some progress on fiscal transparency and administrative burden in the past decade, but there is far more room to simplify administration and improve the quality of regulation, as it lags behind region and income group. The situation of the judiciary and the media is far more difficult to tackle because of political instability and the everyday risk of violence. The number of e-citizens is the smallest in the region and on the bottom of the income group, which should also be addressed, since Pakistan is among the few countries in the world where e-citizenship did not improve significantly in 12 years.
See Pakistan's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2007/8 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 5.6 8.46 1
Administrative Burden 7.08 8.41 1
Judicial Independence 4.76 5.49 0
Press Freedom 4.33 4.15 0
E-Citizenship 1.32 1.82 0
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Administrative Burden, time frame available was insufficient for trend assessment. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for Pakistan