Basic Country Information

  • Region: Latin America & Caribbean
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population : 32.97 millions
  • GNI per Capita: 11261
  • Urban population : 78.3 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 76.7
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.777

How does Peru control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 6.71/10 17.5/20
World Rank 47/114 3/129
Regional Rank 6/18 2/22
Income group Rank 12/29 2/36

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 6.71 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
Income Group
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 8.4 66/113 17/0 8/18
Trade Openness 7.95 88/113 23/0 13/18
Administrative Transparency 7.75 24/114 9/29 3/18
Online Services 7.45 43/114 15/29 9/18
Budget Transparency 8.84 20/114 7/29 3/18
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 3.3 99/114 21/29 12/18
Freedom of the Press 6.86 61/114 13/29 8/18
E-Citizenship 6.08 62/114 18/29 9/18

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.


For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Peru

Transparency in Peru

T-Index Score: 17.5 / 20
Income Group

De Facto Transparency: 11.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker) Partial
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures Yes
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions Yes
Building permits in the capital city Partial
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 6 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
OECD Convention against Bribery of International Officials Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Peru

Peru's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Peru has experienced some significant progress on administrative burden and e-citizenship over the last 10 years, while at the same time seeing four successive presidents indicted for corruption due to an investigation started in Brazil. There is still room for progress on reducing administrative burden and remodeling the Contraloría after the Chilean model, but Peru also needs to emulate Uruguay’s techniques to attract from the underground the the 70% of the workforce in vulnerable situations and formalize its economy, boost revenues from taxation and invest in public health. Furthermore, repeated interventions in the judiciary by successive presidents, despite declared aims of reform, have only added to the politicization and lack of accountability of magistrates. There is high popular demand for good governance in Peru resulting in brand new political parties supporting a reform agenda, but polarization runs high and a consensual reform agenda is missing.
See Peru's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2008 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 7.4 8.9 0
Administrative Burden 7.15 8.51 1
Judicial Independence 2.79 3.29 0
Press Freedom 6.22 5.95 0
E-Citizenship 2.49 4.27 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for Peru