El Salvador

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Latin America & Caribbean
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 63.14 million
  • GNI per Capita: 9420 USD
  • Urban population : 73.4 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 71 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.673

How does El Salvador control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Declining
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 4.62/10 11/20
World Rank 86/119 17/143
Regional Rank 15/23 13/23
Income group Rank 20/39 8/39

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 4.62 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /39 /23
Trade Openness 0 /119 /39 /23
Administrative Transparency 5.5 5/119 3/39 4/23
Online Services 3.74 86/119 24/39 17/23
Budget Transparency 6.36 37/119 14/39 15/23
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 1.73 103/119 32/39 16/23
Freedom of the Press 4.41 76/119 12/39 12/23
E-Citizenship 5.97 65/119 9/39 14/23

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

No IPI data for El Salvador

Transparency in El Salvador

T-Index Score: 11 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 7 / 14

De Facto Components

Live, online, and freely accessible sources of public data.
These data sources were assessed as complete and freely available (1 point), partial and/or paid access (0.5 point), or missing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
Partial
Public Procurement Portal
Partial
Land cadaster
Partial
Register of commerce
No
Auditor General's report
Yes
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
Partial
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
No
Conflict of interest disclosures
No
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Yes
Mining concessions
No
Building permits in the capital city
No
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 6

De Jure Components

Formal transparency commitments by governments.
Formal agreements that met category criteria (see Methodology) were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
No
Beneficial Ownership
No

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for El Salvador

El Salvador's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Declining
El Salvador has made significant progress on e-citizenship, flatlined on budget transparency, and regressed on everything else. It remains under 5 on the Index of Public Integrity. Despite some successes in reducing impunity for high-level offences, with three former presidents having been charged or convicted of corruption in the last years, legal enforcement remains uneven and where anti-corruption is concerned the current administration is increasingly authoritarian and uses enforcement selectivelyagainst the opposition. Only anti-corruption measures that do no further endanger the rule of law are worth pursuing. El Salvador lacks important transparency repositories like a public online register of commerce or financial disclosures of officials, and its recent infringements on judicial and media freedom are even more concerning.
Components 2013 2023 Trendline
Budget Transparency 6.36 6 0
Judicial Independence 3.51 1.97 -1
Press Freedom 7.94 5.62 -1
E-Citizenship 2.25 4.31 1
Online Services 7.06 5.2 -1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
No Forecast data for El Salvador