Ukraine

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Eastern Europe & Central Asia
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 43.79 million
  • GNI per Capita: 13860 USD
  • Urban population : 69.6 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 70 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.779

How does Ukraine control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 6.68/10 14/20
World Rank 49/114 52/143
Regional Rank 5/12 9/18
Income group Rank 1/35 4/39

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 6.68 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 8.93 36/0 4/0 8/12
Trade Openness 9.6 32/0 3/0 6/12
Administrative Transparency 10 1/114 1/35 1/12
Online Services 6.72 58/114 4/35 8/12
Budget Transparency 7.42 59/114 8/35 7/12
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 4.04 81/114 22/35 7/12
Freedom of the Press 6.71 65/114 10/35 8/12
E-Citizenship 5.2 74/114 12/35 10/12

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Ukraine

Note: While Ukraine previously ranked first among European countries in the level of open data development, sixth place in the overall ranking of the Open Data Maturity Report in 2021, and topped T-Index 2022. However, since Russia's military invasion of Ukraine in early 2022 Ukrainian public authorities have limited access to some state public registers, citing martial laws. These limits removed access to many items monitored by the T-index.

Consequently, T-index Ukraine is suspended until the end of martial law and a return to normality in Ukraine.

Transparency in Ukraine

T-Index Score: 14 / 20
T-index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average

De Facto Transparency: 8 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster No
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Partial
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures Partial
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Partial
Mining concessions No
Building permits in the capital city Partial
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 6 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) Yes
Beneficial Ownership Yes

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Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for Ukraine

Ukraine's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Ukraine has continued to struggle over the last decade with its geopolitical situation and the heritage of its deeply corrupt post-communist transition. Popular demand (local democracy, a growing mass of e-citizens, and a free media) and Western support has driven some progress towards good governance, but it has been limited, even before the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, to transparency reforms. Overall reform has not reached the depth of the earlier Estonian or Georgian transformations of the state. The exceptional mobilization of both the state and society since the war began has shown the resilience of Ukrainian democracy. Had Ukraine still been the systematically corrupted country of its early transition, it would have collapsed under Russian attack. Instead, most local and central government agencies have managed to cope effectively with the new environment and deliver services to the citizenry. However, the government suspended by martial law most of the transparency that had made Ukraine a performer in the first 2022 edition of the T-index. The resuming of government monitoring by free media and anti-corruption civil society after the initial months of war led to a renewal of corruption scandals, but these have been indispensable in the view of the scale of the war and the hope for post-war external aid flowing into the country. Furthermore, the possible prospect of Ukrainian EU accession, prompted by the war, offers few incentives for the kind of deep administrative reforms that were seen in the earlier success stories of Estonia or Georgia. Instead, it risks Ukraine following the examples of Western and Eastern Balkan states, where Europeanization has not managed to change substantially the nature of the state in ways that prevent corruption, despite creating an extensive judicial and anti-corruption institutional infrastructure.
Components 2007/8 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 7.45 8.15 0
Administrative Burden 1.7 8.94 1
Judicial Independence 3.25 3.97 0
Press Freedom 8.07 7.11 0
E-Citizenship 1.65 6.7 0
Online Services 5.82 8.33 0
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2008-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for Ukraine