Basic Country Information

  • Region: Latin America & Caribbean
  • Income Group: High
  • Population: 3.47 million
  • GNI per Capita: 21608 USD
  • Urban population : 95.5 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 77.9 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.817

How does Uruguay control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 7.88/10 13.5/19
World Rank 24/114 46/129
Regional Rank 2/18 10/22
Income group Rank 23/38 28/42

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 7.88 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
Income Group
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 9.01 31/113 22/0 1/18
Trade Openness 7.84 93/113 39/0 14/18
Administrative Transparency 6.63 49/114 31/38 8/18
Online Services 8.36 26/114 20/38 4/18
Budget Transparency 7.21 64/114 29/38 14/18
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 7.84 18/114 18/38 1/18
Freedom of the Press 8.79 15/114 14/38 2/18
E-Citizenship 8.45 18/114 18/38 1/18

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.


For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Uruguay

Transparency in Uruguay

T-Index Score: 13.5 / 19
Income Group

De Facto Transparency: 9.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker) Partial
Public Procurement Portal Yes
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce Partial
Auditor General's report Partial
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures Partial
Official Development Assistance (ODA) No
Mining concessions Yes
Building permits in the capital city Partial
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 4 / 5

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) No

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in February 2022.

No TI data for Uruguay

Uruguay's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Uruguay has experienced one of the few successful transitions to good governance in contemporary times and is still on an upward trend. Its positive evolution has started with its democratization, but the last 10 years have also seen all IPI components progress well. It is on top of the region where judicial independence and administrative simplicity are concerned, although there is some room to progress on transparency still. The most impressive development, however, is in e-participation, with an increasing number of e-citizens and smart government policies to offer e-services to reduce informality and promote good governance. This is a country from which many lessons can be learned.
See Uruguay's profile on the Index of Public Integrity.
Components 2007/8 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency
Administrative Burden 6.89 9.07 1
Judicial Independence 6.75 7.47 0
Press Freedom 7.3 7.84 0
E-Citizenship 3.1 6.07 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2015-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For Press Freedom, period considered is 2007-2017. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for Uruguay