South Africa

Basic Country Information

  • Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Income Group: Upper Middle
  • Population: 59.39 million
  • GNI per Capita: 14340 USD
  • Urban population : 67.4 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 62 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.709

How does South Africa control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 7.51/10 15/20
World Rank 28/119 9/143
Regional Rank 1/31 1/31
Income group Rank 2/40 7/40

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 7.51 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
(max=10)
World
Rank
Income Group
Rank
Regional
Rank
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 0 /119 /40 /31
Trade Openness 0 /119 /40 /31
Administrative Transparency 7.75 3/119 3/40 1/31
Online Services 7.05 45/119 12/40 2/31
Budget Transparency 10 1/119 1/40 1/31
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 7.26 21/119 3/40 3/31
Freedom of the Press 7.89 21/119 3/40 2/31
E-Citizenship 5.09 70/119 28/40 2/31

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.

 

No IPI data for South Africa

Transparency in South Africa

T-Index Score: 15 / 20   (20 = 100%)
T-Index
World
Average
Income Group
Average
Regional
Average
The total fulfillment of items on De Jure and De Facto adds up to 100%
on the basis of which we calculate the individual performance of a country

De Facto Transparency: 9 / 14

De Facto Components

Live, online, and freely accessible sources of public data.
These data sources were assessed as complete and freely available (1 point), partial and/or paid access (0.5 point), or missing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year)
Yes
Current expenditures (budget tracker)
No
Public Procurement Portal
Yes
Land cadaster
Partial
Register of commerce
Yes
Auditor General's report
Partial
Supreme Court's hearings schedule
Yes
Supreme Court's rulings
Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials
Partial
Conflict of interest disclosures
Partial
Official Development Assistance (ODA)
Partial
Mining concessions
Partial
Building permits in the capital city
No
Official gazette
Yes

De Jure Transparency: 6 / 6

De Jure Components

Formal transparency commitments by governments.
Formal agreements that met category criteria (see Methodology) were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA)
Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP)
Yes
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent)
Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP)
Yes
Beneficial Ownership
Yes

Give us feedback on our sources
Please download our full dataset here
Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for South Africa

South Africa's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Stationary
Despite struggling with political corruption, South Africa has again progressed on e-citizenship and online services. It also leads regionally in both fiscal and administrative transparency. Still, its land cadaster and mining concessions are only partially accessible online. Furthermore, not all of its international aid is published in the detail needed to monitor its governance. Building permits are also not published online, and access to the disclosure of public officials’ assets and conflicts of interest is still not fully satisfactory. Large sections of the government operate informally and without public fiscal tracking, and this reduces the impact of transparency. South Africa misses a Brazil-like system where the general auditor publishes reports on all government (including national and subnational) units that would allow for the prevention of corruption at the administrative stage. Seeing how widespread particularism is, such a prevention system is more realistic than large-scale prosecution, despite the good quality of its anti-corruption organizations. Although South Africa’s judiciary is sound and its anti-corruption agencies work, final impunity tests have not yet been passed.
Components 2013 2023
Budget Transparency 9.36 10 0
Judicial Independence 7.44 6.92 0
Press Freedom 7.79 8.07 0
E-Citizenship 3.23 4.4 1
Online Services 5.12 7.74 1
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.
No Forecast data for South Africa