Basic Country Information

  • Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Income Group: Lower Middle
  • Population: 15.99 million
  • GNI per Capita: 2270 USD
  • Urban population : 32.2 % of total
  • Life expectancy at birth: 59 years
  • Human Development Index (HDI): 0.571

How does Zimbabwe control corruption?

Forecasted trend:
Integrity Transparency
Country’s Score 4.13/10 9/20
World Rank 100/114 103/143
Regional Rank 16/26 16/30
Income group Rank 27/35 25/39

Index of Public Integrity

IPI Score: 4.13 / 10
The IPI score is the mean of the six components scores, which result from the standardization and normalization of original source data to range between 1 and 10 using a min-max-transformation, with higher values representing better performance.
Components Component Score
Income Group
Opportunities for Corruption
Administrative Burden 7.17 103/0 30/0 23/26
Trade Openness 7.34 99/0 26/0 17/26
Administrative Transparency 4.38 81/114 20/35 6/26
Online Services 5.07 82/114 19/35 7/26
Budget Transparency 4.21 94/114 23/35 15/26
Constraints on Corruption
Judicial Independence 3.79 89/114 27/35 19/26
Freedom of the Press 5.43 90/114 22/35 22/26
E-Citizenship 1.93 101/114 32/35 14/26

Opportunities are permanent enabling circumstances for corruption. Empirical evidence exists that administrative discretion (lack of administrative transparency and poor regulation) combined with unaccountable resources (non-transparent public finance, both from domestic sources and international aid) create opportunities for corruption.

Constraints are permanent disabling circumstances of corruption. They encompass the legal response of authorities as well as the response by society (a free press and digitally enabled citizens organized as civil society or as individual voters).

Societies manage to control corruption if they find the right balance between opportunities and constraints.

Read more in the methodology.


For Budget Transparency, last value available is for 2019. For Online Services, last value available is for 2020. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. For the E-citizenship sub-components, last values available are also for 2020, and missing values in any of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No IPI data for Zimbabwe

Transparency in Zimbabwe

T-Index Score: 9 / 20
Income Group

De Facto Transparency: 5.5 / 14

De Facto Components

De facto components refer to the online availability, accessibility, and coverage of public data in selected relevant domains. These were assessed as completely existing (1 point), existing with partial information or paid access (0.5 point), or not existing (0 points).

Past expenditures (last fiscal year) Partial
Current expenditures (budget tracker) No
Public Procurement Portal No
Land cadaster Partial
Register of commerce No
Auditor General's report Partial
Supreme Court's hearings schedule Yes
Supreme Court's rulings Yes
Financial disclosures for public officials No
Conflict of interest disclosures No
Official Development Assistance (ODA) Yes
Mining concessions No
Building permits in the capital city No
Official gazette Yes

De Jure Transparency: 3.5 / 6

De Jure Components

De jure components refer to the existence of formal transparency commitments in relevant selected domains. These were assessed as existing (1 point) or not (0 points).

Freedom of Information Acts (FOIA) Yes
Open Government Partnership (OGP) No
United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC) Yes
Financial Action Task Force Against Money Laundering (or equivalent) Yes
Plurinational transparency agreement (EITI, OECD, WTO GPA, or CPTPP) No
Beneficial Ownership Partial

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Note: Links last accessed in June 2023.

No TI data for Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe's Corruption Forecast

Forecasted trend:
Zimbabwe has made significant progress on nearly all indicators and did not regress in any. The deep power asymmetry inherited from the Mugabe regime and the extremely low number of e-citizens are significant burdens, but the country has a clear development agenda which includes many non-contentious items such as administrative transparency and simplification.
Components 2007/8 2020 Trendline
Budget Transparency 2.84 9.07 1
Administrative Burden 6.42 7.51 1
Judicial Independence 2.12 3.73 0
Press Freedom 5.92 6.22 0
E-Citizenship 1.16 2.15 0
Online Services 1.78 4.46 0
  positive change;   negative change;   change not statically significant.

For Budget Transparency, period considered is 2012-2019. For Judicial Independence, last value available is for 2019. Due to insufficient data on Facebook users, E-citizenship was computed as the mean of the remaining two sub-indicators (fixed broadband subscriptions and Internet users). Missing values for 2020 in either of the sub-indicators were replaced with the latest available data point.

No Forecast data for Zimbabwe